Preparedness Checklist-Based on FEMA #526 Publication & ABAG Information
Are You Prepared?
- Preparing lessens the impact of an emergency, such as an earthquake, on your home or business
- Forget about 72 hours...be prepared for at least 5 to 7 days
- It is important to be prepared in all three of the places you may be when an emergency strikes...your home, workplace or your car!
The Basics - items for your emergency kit
- Experts recommend 1 gallon of water per person per day for drinking and hygiene
- 2 gallons per person per day is ideal
Factors that increase needed supply of water:
- Hot weather
- Strenuous survival activity after a disaster
- Children, nursing mothers and sick people
- Stored water in plastic bottles is okay, but has a very limited shelf life when stored in warm temperatures
- Only use food grade containers if you store your own supply of water- and do not use it after 6 months
- Commercial solutions are available for bulk water storage that will keep water safe to drink for 5 years
- Be sure to have water purification tablets on hand to make potentially tainted water safe to drink
- Be sure to store non-perishable foods to cover all members of your family or employees (and guests) for a minimum of 3 days, 7 days ideally
- If you do not purchase specially prepared survival food, be sure to rotate foods throughout the year
- Do not store foods that provoke thirst, use very little or no sodium (Salt)
- Don't forget the special foods for infants and people with special dietary needs
- Have a minimum supply of 800-1200 calories per person per day available
Other Survival Gear
- Flashlights with spare batteries under your bed, at work and in your car. Be sure not to use candles until you are sure there are no gas leaks!
- Portable radios and/or TVs with spare batteries or hand-cranked generator powered devices
- First Aid kit and first aid guide at home and in your car-consider taking CPR and C.E.R.T courses
- ABC Fire Extinguishers-First responders will be occupied elsewhere, especially right after a major quake. Be sure you know how to properly use your extinguisher!
- Other Special Needs-medications, glasses, contact lens and solution, infant supplies like diapers, formula, bottles, medicines, etc.
- Sanitation and Hygiene Supplies-Emergency toilet, toilet paper, feminine products, moist towelettes, etc.
- Be sure to have your Important papers and cash. You will need copies of IDs, credit cards, insurance policies, and financial information
- Tools-Gas and water shut-off wrench, matches or lighter, a signal whistle, etc.
- Clothing-At least one complete change of clothes per person, you will need outdoor clothes and a sleeping bag
- Pet Needs-Food, water, leash, veterinarian records, etc.
- Prepare the inside of your home for an earthquake..
- Know how to shut off your gas, electric and water. Know where each is located and which switches to shut off and valves to turn
Earthquake Hazard Hunt
Tour your home with a clipboard and write down everything that needs attention...
Secure tall heavy furniture like armoires, bookcases, wall units, china cabinets, etc.
Be sure your water heater is secured into the wall studs in the heater storage area
Secure your appliances to avoid gas line ruptures or electrical shorts
Secure or remove anything heavy hanging above your beds: large frame pictures, wall hangings, mirrors, trophies etc.
Consider putting latches on kitchen or storage cabinets that will hold the door shut during shaking
Secure heavy objects on high shelves (especially TVs) that could fall and cause injury or block an exit
Get masonry chimneys inspected for stability-many fall through roofs during quakes
Any flammable or hazardous liquids, chemicals stored on shelves in garages or elsewhere - consider storing them in an outdoor shed or fire-rated cabinet
Consider placement of heavy hanging plants that could fall
Family Earthquake Drill
Don't just discuss it...PRACTICE IT!
Know the safe spots in each room to ride out a quake
Get under heavy furniture, supported archways, against inside walls
Stay away from windows, hanging objects, mirrors, fireplaces & tall furniture
Literally yell "Earthquake!" and confirm that each member of the family goes to the right place-practice in bedrooms and in general living areas. This is especially important for young children!
How to Ride Out an Earthquake
Limit yourself to only a few steps...you may not even be able to walk!
Drop, cover and hold on under a heavy object. If none available, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner
Stay away from glass, windows, heavy or tall objects
If you are in bed, hold on and protect your head with a pillow unless under a ceiling fan or heavy light fixture
Stay inside until the shaking stops. Be VERY careful exiting your home, especially if you have a tile roof!
Stay where you are
Move away from buildings, trees, streetlights and utility wires
In a Car:
Stop as quickly as you can, pull to the side of the road and stay in the car
Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses and utility wires
Do NOT attempt to drive across bridges or overpasses that have been damaged
Proceed cautiously after the quake has stopped
Keep a pair of running or walking shoes in your car(s)
When the Ground Stops Shaking
Check for Injuries:
If anyone around you has stopped breathing, give mouth to mouth resuscitation. Stop any bleeding. Do not move injured people unless they are in immediate danger of further injury. Cover the wounded with blankets
Keep a battery powered radio and listen to updates from news stations
Be aware of potential tsunamis if near the coast
Do not use the phone unless there is a severe injury
Check for Hazards:
Put out small fires - Be careful of broken power lines
Inspect your home with a battery powered flashlight. Turn the flashlight on outside
Check gas, electrical and water lines and check appliances for damage or leaking
Do NOT shut off your gas if you do not smell gas. Check after every aftershock
Switch off electrical power if there is damage to your wiring
Do not touch power lines or broken appliances
Check the home for cracks and damage, especially around chimneys. Leave immediately if the building looks like it might collapse
Clean up chemicals and flammable liquids
Check to see that water and sewage lines are intact before flushing the toilet
Plug tubs, sinks, and toilet to prevent water/waste backup
Check your water and food supplies and move them to a safe place if necessary
Check closets and cupboards VERY CAREFULLY. Watch for falling objects!
Use outdoor grilles for cooking (outside)
Do not use your car. Let the first responders do their job
BE PREPARED FOR AFTERSHOCKS!
If You Must Evacuate...
Post a message in clear view that states who left and where you went
Take your disaster supplies kit with you
List reunion points in case of family separation
Make sure everyone in your family knows where the reunion points are!
Also be sure to designate an out-of-state contact that each member of your family can call to give their status and location. Be sure everyone has the phone number of the designated contact!
Note: All prices in US Dollars
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